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知識/臺灣學群工作坊

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成立宣言


「知識 /臺灣」學群宣言草案
 
Draft Manifesto of the “Knowledge/Taiwan” Collective
 
2012年1月1日
January 1, 2012
 
 
「臺灣沒有理論。」
“There is no theory in Taiwan.”
 
這個說法可能會引發臺灣學術界的激辯,而這些辯論能夠提議一些可能的行動計畫:
This provocative statement can incite different responses in Taiwan academia, which suggests a few possible plans for action:
 
明說或不明說的同意:所謂的理論皆由西方輸入(主要從美國、法國、德國及英國),臺灣生產的學術不是世界主義的場域(如果對這個情況感到滿意)就是新殖民主義發生的所在(如果對這個情況感到不滿)。現在需要的行動不是繼續擴張西方理論的輸入來達成西方理論的普遍化,就是透過將西方理論的省籍化/特殊化對之進行批評。
Agreement, explicit or tacit: All the so‐called theory has been imported from the West (mainly from the four countries of the U.S. France, Germany, and Britain) and scholarship in Taiwan has been either the site of cosmopolitanism(if one is happy about the situation) or neocolonization (if one is resentful of the situation). The action required here is either to continue to expand the importation of Western theory by universalizing it or to critique Western theory by provincializing it.
 
強烈或溫和的反對:本土理論一直都存在,但是在地理論總是被邊緣化,它的系譜也被忽略。目前的關鍵任務在於一方面要重構本土理論的系譜,另一方面要從活生生的臺灣現實中建構新的方法與理論。然而不論反對的主張多強烈,西方理論在臺灣的廣泛影響是不容否認的,因此在這樣的情況下,臺灣的理論已經被西方化了。
Disagreement, vehement or mild: There has always been local theory, but local theory has been marginalzied and its genealogy ignored. The crucial tasks are to reconstruct the genealogy of local theory on the one hand and to construct new methods and theories out of lived realities in Taiwan on the other. No matter how vehement the disagreement,
however, the pervasiveness of Western theory in Taiwan cannot be denied. Theory in Taiwan, as such, is always already Westernized.
 
理論是知識的一種形式。我們追問有關理論的問題,也就是追問有關知識的問題,在最基本的層次上,引領我們回到知識學在臺灣的核心問題:我們怎麼知道臺灣。
Theory is a form of knowledge. Asking questions about theory is asking questions about knowledge, returning us, fundamentally, to the core question of epistemology in Taiwan: the question of how we know Taiwan.
 
「知識/臺灣」學群的初步任務因此在於發掘「理論」與「臺灣」兩者間諸多可能的關係,作為切入臺灣知識學的一個方法 。我們也許可以問:臺灣沒有從西方輸入以外的理論嗎?在臺灣,理論是新殖民主義知識的場域嗎?西方理論在臺灣如何被調和?可能從臺灣發展出本土理論嗎?基於臺灣發展出來的理論會是何種面貌?要如何理論地思考臺灣或如何理論化臺灣?理論與臺灣歷史、地理的關係是什麼?臺灣的理論史面貌可能為何?要如何將理論臺灣化?最終有沒有所謂的臺灣知識學?
The “Knowledge/Taiwan” collective therefore takes as its initial task tobe the exploration of the many possible conjunctions between the twoterms “theory” and “Taiwan” as a way to approach the issue of Taiwanbased epistemology. We may perhaps ask: Is there no theory in Taiwan other than what has been imported from the West? Is theory the site of
neocolonial knowledge in Taiwan? How is Western theory negotiated in Taiwan? Can there be local theory developed out of Taiwan? What does theory based in Taiwan look like? How does one think Taiwan theoretically or how does one theorize Taiwan? What is theory’s relationship to Taiwan history and geography? What might the history of theory in Taiwan look like? How does one Taiwan‐ize theory? Is there, finally, such a thing as Taiwan epistemology?
 
以下是幾點建議,是可以用來具體地思考諸多理論與臺灣的關係:
The following are some suggestions to think the many relations between theory and Taiwan more concretely:
 
1.如果將臺灣置於世界經濟史與世界思想史裡,理論地景會是何種面貌?
If we situate Taiwan in world economic and intellectual history, what does the landscape of theory look like?
 
2.如果將臺灣視為漢人的定居者殖民地,我們要如何瞭解原住民的知識?
 If we see Taiwan as a Han settler colony, how do we understand indigenous knowledge?
 
3.臺灣所經歷的一連串殖民歷史經驗(荷蘭、西班牙、滿清、日本、中國)會需要生產出什麼樣的新的後殖民理論?
How does Taiwan’s history of serial colonialism (Dutch, Spanish, Manchu, Japanese, Chinese) require the production of a new postcolonial theory?
 
4.借用竹內好「把亞洲作為一種方法」的想法,我們如何把臺灣作為一種方法?
To borrow from Takeuchi Yoshimi’s notion of “Asia as method,” how might we see Taiwan as method?
 
5.臺灣特殊的島嶼地理條件會不會像加勒比海一樣,創構出島嶼導向的理論?
Does Taiwan’s particular island geography frame the production of island‐specific theories as is the case in the Caribbean?
 
6.全球冷戰結構及其後來發展如何影響在臺灣的理論流通與生產?
How do the global Cold War and its aftermath implicate the circulation and production of theory in Taiwan?
 
7.該如何理解自由主義在臺灣的持久性以及馬克思主義傳統的相對弱勢?
How do we understand the relative weakness of the Marxist tradition in Taiwan and the persistence of liberalism?
 
8.比較方法如何加強將臺灣理論化的可能性?
How does the comparative method enhance the possibility of theorizing Taiwan?
 
 
在「知識臺灣」學群的初步階段我們邀請各領域有興趣的學者參加。
Select scholars in all disciplines are invited to join the “Knowledge/Taiwan” Collective at its initial stage.

 
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